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Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka, an island in the Indian Ocean is located to the south of the Indian subcontinent. It lies between 5° 55' and 9° 55' north of the equator and between the eastern longitudes 79° 42' and 81° 52'. The total land area is 65,610 sq. km. and is astonishingly varied. A length of 445 km. and breadth of 225km. encompasses beautiful tropical beaches, verdant vegetation, ancient monuments and a thousand delights to please all tastes. The relief features of the island consist of a mountainous mass somewhat south of the centre, with height exceeding 2,500meters, surrounded by broad plains. Palm fringed beaches surround the island and the sea temperature rarely falls below 27°C
 
  Its people
And beautiful as is much of Ceylon, and interesting as are its historical remains, the Singhalese themselves are what makes the island…an unforgettable and cherished memory' says Raven Hart (1964)." The Sri Lankan people are one of the main attractions of Sri Lanka. This is a nation of ever smiling people and the visitors find them adorable, hospitable and always willing to help. The life of the majority of Sri Lankans is influenced by the compassionate teachings of the Buddha. Even the roots of those Sri Lankans who follow other faiths would in all probability have been nurtured by those teachings, for that it was Buddhism that was the religion of all Sri Lankans before.

Christianity and Islam were introduced to the Island in more recent times. That is what has made them a nation of tolerable and hospitable people. When you travel in the little Island you will meet friendly people; the children will wave from their doorsteps at the passing vehicle or at the visitor trekking on foot
 
Economy
Sri Lanka is mainly an agricultural country. The chief crop is rice with which the country is almost self-sufficient. Tea, rubber and coconut are also important agricultural crops, with tea being a major foreign exchange earner. In addition, other crops of importance are cocoa and spices such as cinnamon, cardamom, nutmeg, pepper and cloves. Fruit and vegetables, native to both tropical and temperate regions, grow well in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka is also a major exporter of precious and semi-precious gem stones. Within the last few years remittances from Sri Lankans employed abroad have contributed a large share of foreign exchange earnings.

The last three decades have seen tourism emerge as an important industry. There has also been a rapid growth in manufacturing industries, which offer a wide range of export goods such as petroleum products, leather goods, ready-made garments and electronic equipment.
 

 
  Festivals
Festivals are a part of Sri Lankan culture and are observed in grand scale. Sri Lanka being a predominantly Buddhist country Buddhist festivals are more frequent.

Full moon day of each month, called Poya day, is a day of religious observance for the Buddhists. On every Poya day there is some form of festival in the village temples. However the major full moon days are Duruthu (January), Vesak (May), Poson (June), Esala (August) and Unduvap (December) observed with greater pomp and colorful pageantry of elephants, dancers, drummers & whip crackers. It would be a delightful experience if one can coincide their holiday with the festival dates.

 
Hill Country
The Central Highlands of Sri Lanka offer a salubrious cool climate. The mountain slopes are covered with acres of tea with its fragrant aroma mingling with the fresh air. Nestled among the mist covered central hills in a cool basin is Nuwara Eliya, the hill resort, resembling a little English village.

Road leading to this hill station winds through miles and miles of 'green carpet' of tea bushes where tea pluckers are seen busily picking the 'bud and two leaves' that go to form the most popular brew in the world, the 'Ceylon Tea'.
 

 
  Kandy
The Hill Capital of Kandy was the last bastion of the Sinhala kings and is a charming city offering a living record of a magnificent past. Centre of attraction in Kandy is the Dalada Maligawa, the temple housing the sacred Tooth Relic of the Buddha. Kandy Lake enhances the charm of the City.

Kandy is a romantic city any time of the year, but in August, this ancient capital becomes the venue of one of the most legendary festivals in Asia, the Festival of the August Moon when thousands of people from all parts of the country and from foreign countries throng to the Hill Capital to witness the magnificent spectacle.

The King's palace, audience hall, King's bath, the archaeological museum must not be missed by any visitor to Kandy.

 
Waterfalls
Beautiful waterfalls cascading down the mountain slopes enhance the beauty of the hill country.

The geographical formation of the Island with the central highland sloping down to the coastal plains has resulted in several rivers and streams starting from the central region flowing down the hilly slopes in a radial pattern, creating beautiful waterfalls in several places in the hill country.

Ramboda Falls (100 meters) is seen on the way to Nuwara Eliya. Devon (86 meters) and St. Clair's (73 meters) are two waterfalls seen close to Nuwara Eliya.
 

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